According to psychologists(心理學家), an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good. When a person feels like running away from something that he thinks will hurt him, we call this emotion fear. If the person wants to remove the danger by attacking it, we call the emotion anger. The emotions of joy and love are aroused when we think something can help us. An emotion does not have to be created by something in the outside world. It can be created by a person's thoughts.
Everyone has emotions. Many psychologists believe that infants are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read and write. A growing child not only learns his emotions but learns how to act in certain situations because of an emotion.
Psychologists think that there are two types of emotions：positive and negative. Positive emotions include love, liking, joy, delight and hope. They are aroused by something that appeals to a person. Negative emotions make a person unhappy or dissatisfied. They include anger, fear, despair, sadness and disgust. In growing up, a person learns to cope with the negative emotions in order to be happy.
Emotions may be weak or strong. Some strong emotions are so unpleasant that a person will try any means to escape from them. In order to feel happy, the person may choose unusual ways to avoid the emotions. Strong emotions can make it hard to think and to solve problems. They may prevent a person from learning or paying attention to what he is doing. For example, a student taking an examination may be so worried about failing that he cannot think properly.The worry drains valuable mental energy he needs for the examination.
1.We learn from the passage that an emotion is created by something .
A.one thinks bad or good
B.one feels in danger
C.one faces in the outside world
D.one tries to escape from real life
【參考答案】A[考點]事實細節題【精析】A 根據第一段第一句“…an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good.”可知，應選A項。題干中的created是aroused的同義替換。
2.Which of the following is NOT true?
A.Children learn emotions as they grow up.
B.Babies are born with emotions.
C.Emotions fall into two types in general.
D.People can cope with the negative emotions in life.
【精析】B 根據第二段第二、三句“Many psychologists believe that infants are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read and write.”可知，許多心理學家都認為嬰兒出生時是沒有情感的,他們是在成長的過程中逐漸學會了情感，故A項正確，B項錯誤。根據第三段第一句可知，C項正確;根據第三段最后一句可知，D項正確。故選B。
3.The author's purpose of writing this passage is to .
A.explain why people have emotions
B.show how people avoid the negative emotions
C.explain what people should do before emotions
D.define and classify people's emotions
4. We can safely conclude that a student may fail in an exam if .
A.he cannot think properly
B.he can't pay attention to it
C.he is not worried
D.he is not full of energy
【參考答案】A[考點]推理判斷題【精析】A 根據文章的最后兩句可推知，因擔心而思緒混亂(cannot think properly)可能會讓學生考試不及格。故選A。
5.The word “drains” in the last paragraph probably means .